Everything You Should Know about the Ileostomy Surgery
This article is all about the ileostomy surgery and a new simple life with the stoma.
An ileostomy is bringing a part of the ileum to the abdomen of a patient for the excretion of waste of the body. It changes the natural track of the discharging, after this surgery ostomate discharges through the stoma. It is an opening on the right side of the belly below the navel for the collection of stool. You will have to attach the ostomy pouch to the hole in the abdomen for the collection of waste. Well, this is the surgery of ileum (a part of the small intestine which passes stool to the large intestine or colon), that is why surgeons called it ileostomy. In this operation, doctors will remove a small part of the whole colon or rectum and bring the ileum to the stoma opening.
A patient needs ileostomy surgery for several reasons:
- Cancer in the ileum (small intestine)
- Side effects of the radiation.
- Crohn’s disease.
- An inherited disease in the small intestine or rectum.
- Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).
- A tumor in the ileum.
- Blockage or obstruction in the small intestine.
- Any problem in passing the stool to the large intestine.
- Ulcerative colitis.
- An ulcer in the rectum.
- A long-term disease or infection in the ileum.
- Inflammation in the rectum or ileum.
Recovery Time for Ileostomy Patients
Well, there is no fixed time for the patients. It depends on the disease and the patient. Elder ostomates take a long time of recovery as compared to young people. Moreover, if there is a minor blockage or mild infection, then the healing period will be quick. However, in some intense cases like cancer, radiotin’s side effect, FAP, IBD, Crohn’s disease, or severe infection, it may take a longer time for the full recovery. Moreover, it also depends on the type of surgery. Sometimes it is temporary and for some patients, it is a permanent surgery. Therefore, for permanent ostomates, there will be stoma for their whole life even after the healing of internal organs. But, temporary ostomates will go back to the hospital for the reversal of the path of the ileum. Once their intestine heals and they get rid of their disease, the surgeon will reattach the ileum back to their original location. After that, they will discharge the stool through the natural path.
An ostomate should learn about some necessary tools like; stoma pouch, adhesive, adhesive remover, flanges, skin barrier, one-piece pouching system, and two-piece pouching system. Well, when you will be in the hospital, your nurse will guide you about the use of these appliances. You should learn everything about that because you will have to wear the bag on your own, once you leave the hospital. Moreover, the stoma pouch comes in several sizes. Everyone’s stoma size is not the same. Moreover, it has different shapes. Some patients have oval while some have round openings. So, choose the appliance according to your skin’s health and stoma need.
Diet for Ileostomy Patients
Well, the ileostomy patients will have to take care of their diet plan. Right after the surgery, there will be some possibilities of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding from the stoma, dizziness, and no discharge of stool for six to eight hours. Well, you can treat your condition with the appropriate diet. You should not eat hard to digest foods that can cause constipation or vomiting. Eat small and soft meals like fruits and white rice. But, do not eat watery meals like cucumber, oranges, grapes, and eggplant. They can cause diarrhea and vomiting. Avoid eating onion, garlic, French fries, and dry fruits. Take small meals four to five times a day. Do not eat too much or drink too much water.