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What is Ileostomy? – Life with Ileostomy Appliances

An ileostomy is the name of a surgical opening in the abdomen of a patient. During this surgery, doctors bring a loop of the small intestine or ileum to the belly skin. Well, the hole or opening they create is called a stoma. It collects the waste of the patient’s body into a bag that is attached to the hole. This stoma is on the right side of the abdomen. When a person is unable to pass out the waste from the natural pathway, then doctors have to create an artificial track for this purpose.

Why is Ileostomy Necessary for a Person?

Well, it is obvious that when a person has some diseases or problems in excreting the waste or in the ileum, then he/she needs the ileostomy surgery. However, it is necessary when a patient has an injury in the small intestine, blockage in the ileum, the bowel does not work, cancer in the ileum, defect in the process of passing the waste from small to the large intestine, or removal of the bowel (partially or wholly).

Some diseases that need ileostomy surgery are Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, a side effect of cancer radiation treatment, ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, tumor in the small intestine, dysfunction of ileum, or Hirschsprung’s disease. In a few cases, the ileostomy is temporary such as obstruction of the small intestine. When ileum heals and can perform its duties, doctors close the artificial opening and attach the ileum back to its original location.

Temporary Ileostomy and Permanent Ileostomy

Well, the duration of the ileostomy opening depends on the type of surgery. It has two main types: permanent ileostomy and temporary ileostomy.

In some cases, a patient needs the ileostomy surgery for a few months. Thus, doctors create a stoma in the abdomen but keep the lower portion as it is for future reattachment of the ileum. Once the internal organs, ileum, and stoma heal, and the small intestine can perform its function, then surgeons reattach the ileum to the colon and close the stoma. But, for permanent ostomates, it is impossible to bring back the ileum to its original position. They have to use an artificial path for the excretion purpose. The type of surgery depends on the seriousness of the illness and the capabilities of the small intestine.

Life of a Patient with Ileostomy Appliances

Well, ileostomy brings a few tools along with it. Therefore, a patient has to welcome an opening in the abdomen plus some appliances. These are some necessary things for the ostomate and stoma. Well, the first equipment is an ostomy bag or pouch. Every ostomate needs this. The stoma pouch collects the waste ileum passes to the opening. A person can wear it with their own hands. However, an ostomate has to learn about the ostomy tools from the nurse or doctor in the hospital. Well, your healthcare team will guide you about the pouch, skin barrier, flanges, and adhesive when you will be in the hospital.

Once you are home, you will have to change and wear the tools on your own. The stoma pouch comes in two forms and that is a one-piece ostomy pouching system and two-piece ostomy pouching system. These appliances are waterproof. A person can live his life freely with the stoma bag and other appliances. It does not irritate a patient. Of course, you will face some changes and issues in the initial days, but by the time, you will get used to the new normal life. The key to the happy ostomy life is you should know which type of pouching system is suitable for you and when to empty and change the stoma pouch.

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An Ileostomy Surgery – Procedure of the Surgery – Stoma Tools

An ileostomy is a surgery in which surgeons disconnect the ileum and colon they bring a minor portion of the small intestine to the outer surface of the abdomen. There, they create a small round hole, called a stoma. It collects the stool in a sack, called ostomy pouch or bag.

Ileostomy surgery could be permanent and temporary. It depends on the patient’s condition and disease. Well, the permanent ileostomy is usually for cancer and other Crohn’s disease. Moreover, it is for elderly patients. Well, females too suffer from this disease. If they have an ovary cancer or cyst, they will have to go through the ileostomy surgery. It does not mean that a female cannot give birth to a child after this surgery. They can do everything but after the permission of the doctor. Well, a temporary ileostomy is for those who suffer from minor injuries, blockage in the ileum, or infection in the small intestine. Once their inner organ heals and able to perform their function, doctors reverse the process and close the stoma. So, for temporary ostomates, there will be two surgeries; one for bringing ileum to the abdomen opening and the other is for closing the stoma and bringing the ileum back to the natural location. After that, an ostomate will discharge the stool through the natural path.

The Procedure of the Ileostomy Surgery

Well, after the diagnosis of a disease that needs ileostomy surgery, your doctor will call you for a preoperative session with the team of doctors and nurses. You must go to this session. You can ask questions related to your surgery, condition, ileostomy, and overall health. If you have any confusion, you can ask the doctors and clear it. Well, after this, they will send you to the next procedure. You will have to sign consensual documents. After this, you will have to go to the anesthesia department. They will guide you in detail about this drug that will numb your defected area. You will feel no pain after this injection. Moreover, they will guide you about what to eat and whatnot. Finally, you will have to go to the laboratory to give your blood samples. If your reports give the green signal, then you are ready for the operation.

After the Ileostomy Surgery

Right after the surgery, you feel pain and a big change in your body. There will be a stoma in the abdomen for the collection of output. At that time, the opening will be swollen and big. However, with time it will get small and normal. A patient usually takes seven to eight weeks to reduce the swelling and get a normal stoma size. The hole will be red. There will be a sack/bag affixed to the stoma. It will have some more appliances like; adhesive, skin barrier, and flanges. You will learn the names and uses with the time.

Stoma Appliances

Well, ostomy has a complete pouching system. You will not need only a bag or a pouch. It needs some other accessories to help the pouching system. A patient will need adhesive, adhesive remover, flanges, skin barrier, and wipes.

Moreover, it has some types like; drainable pouching system, a disposable pouching system, a one-piece ostomy pouching system, and a two-piece ostomy pouching system.

Usually, ileostomy patients wear a drainable pouching system. When they feel their bag is one-third full, they go to the toilet, empty the pouch, clean the stoma, wash the peristomal skin, and wear it again. Well, you can wear a disposable bag if you do not have a frequent discharge of stool or diarrhea.

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Urostomy – Life of a Urostomy Patient – How to Deal with It?

What is Urostomy?

Urostomy is a surgery performed when a patient’s bladder does not work or removed due to any disease or dysfunction. Thus, surgeons create an artificial hole in the abdomen of the patient for the discharging of urine. After this operation, an ostomate is unable to release the liquid waste through the natural track. So, patients after urostomy excrete the urine through the opening, called a stoma.

Reasons for Urostomy

Well, there is no one reason for the urostomy surgery. It includes several diseases and defects in the bladder, kidney, and ileal conduit. However, a few common causes are:

  • Bladder cancer.
  • Infection in the bladder.
  • Spinal cord injury.
  • Chronic disease in the bladder or kidneys.
  • Birth defect in spinal cord such as spina bifida.
  • Due to the side effects of radical treatment.

Well, there could be any other disease that can drive a person to urostomy. Sometimes, when a patient diagnosed with bladder cancer, it gets removed or unable to work, then doctors have to create an opening for the urine purpose. Moreover, if a person has a tumor in the urinary tract, then he/she needs this surgery. Sometimes, an infant born with some defects in the spinal cord or bladder; thus, a child needs urostomy right after birth.

Life with The Urostomy

A hole in the abdomen and an unnatural path of discharging urine bring a few changes in your life. Definitely, the first one is a physical change. But, apart from the track of peeping, there is a huge phycological impact on the patient’s mind. An ostomate’s entire life gets disturbed for a few months.You can live your previous life once the stoma and internal organs heal.

An ostomate thinks that the new life will not give him the comfort of his previous life. Well, this is not true, an ostomy patient can enjoy dreams and life. But, he/she has to wait for a few months. In the initial weeks, an ostomate depends on nurses or family members. This changes when the patient learns about stoma appliances and self-care. The first biggest unique thing is the way of excreting urine. It brings lots of changes to a person’s attitude. But, this does not stop your life.

 Urostomy patients can live the previous life. They can do whatever they like or used to do in the past. Moreover, it does not stop you from working, playing, swimming, gym, sports, partying, traveling, shopping, and even sex.

Dealing with the Urostomy Life and Appliances

Urostomy creates a 2 inches hole in the right side of the abdomen. Usually, it is a round-shaped opening. However, sometimes it is of 2.5 to 3 inches pit down towards the navel.

When a person goes through the urostomy surgery, he has to learn a lot about the appliances, its uses, purpose, and drainage system. Well, the necessary thing is to wear a stoma bag and empty it.

After all, when a urostomy patient gets discharged from the hospital, he/she has to do all his tasks on his own. Therefore, a patient should know when to empty and change the pouch.

Well, it is not as difficult as you heard. You can deal with the new life and appliances effortlessly if you know the right ways. The surgery comes in two forms: permanent urostomy and temporary urostomy. For permanent ostomates, it is necessary to learn about the tools and their uses.

Usually, urostomy patients wear a drainable pouching system. As they discharge urine frequently; thus, it is easy to empty and clean the stoma bag. Moreover, they should change the appliance two times per day. Well, I suggest they should use a one-piece ostomy pouching system. It will give them relief in wearing it. However, an ostomate can select appliances according to their convenience.

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Some Common Rumors about Ostomy

Right after getting stoma, you will hear some useful tips, some experiences, and some myths. Well, you can join online groups, forums, and read articles for ostomy care and new normal life. Well, to live a happy ostomy life, you have to debunk the rumors and grab some real knowledge about stoma care and ostomy life.

Thus, the following are a few rumors you can hear or read about the stoma and ostomy life:

You cannot change the Pouching System

Well, many ostomates think that they cannot change their pouching system after getting a discharge slip from the hospital. They can only use the size of the appliance, they were using in the hospital room under the supervision of nurses and doctors. Well, this is a myth, you can change the ostomy appliances according to the size of the stoma opening. Your stoma bag should be fit to the hole. With time, stoma changes its sizes with the change in the weight and body. Therefore, you can change your pouching system according to the new size. I always recommend hollister ostOmy supplies as reliable option for quality ostomy appliances.

All Ostomy Pouching System are Same

Many ostomates think that all pouching system’s type and products are the same. Well, you are wrong if think the same way. Every product’s kind is different from another in some manners, for example, one-piece ostomy pouching system and two-piece ostomy pouching system. Both have the same purpose but the method of application is different.

The Size of Stoma will Never Fluctuate

Another myth regarding stoma is the fixed size of the opening. Ostomates used to believe that the size of the stoma will never increase or decrease. But, it changes its shape and measurement according to health, weight, and body change.

Stoma Always Irritates You

Well, a healthy stoma does not irritate you. Moreover, it does not get swell or bleed. If you are experiencing any difficulty like that, then you should go to your surgeon. This is not a new normal life. The opening should be healthy and clean. Well, a healthy stoma does not get swell, irritates, or bleed.

Your Family will not Love you Now

After the ostomy operation, it is normal to have pressure and suffer from anxiety. It brings a few changes in your routine and life. But, it does not mean you cannot live your old lifestyle or no one loves you now. You and your life will be the same. Therefore, the love of your family and loved ones will not change for you.

You cannot Work, Travel, or Swim

Well, ostomates used to believe that their entire lifestyle will change. They cannot perform their dream or previous tasks. But, once the internal organs and stoma heal and stoma are healthy, you can do whatever you like or used to do in your previous days. It does not stop you from getting married, sex, playing, sports, swimming, gym, or getting back to your profession.

You have to Live with the Odor

No, this is not true about ostomates or new life. The odor is not a part of ostomy. It indicates you unhealthy stoma, leakage of ostomy pouch, unhygienic peristomal, or bad diet. You should not eat foods that cause odor or gas. Otherwise, everything is perfect for your ostomy life and stoma health.

I cannot Shower or Enjoy Water Activities

After getting the stoma, you will have to wear an ostomy pouch all the time. It should be dry, you cannot wet the opening. It does not mean you cannot shower, swim, or enjoy water activities. You will have to wear a waterproof ostomy pouching system and you ready to enjoy your marine hobbies. You can swim, shower, raft, whatever you want with the waterproof tools. Moreover, you should wear an ostomy belt before going into the pool. It will protect your stoma bag from leakage.

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Everything You Should Know about the Ileostomy Surgery

This article is all about the ileostomy surgery and a new simple life with the stoma.

An ileostomy is bringing a part of the ileum to the abdomen of a patient for the excretion of waste of the body. It changes the natural track of the discharging, after this surgery ostomate discharges through the stoma. It is an opening on the right side of the belly below the navel for the collection of stool. You will have to attach the ostomy pouch to the hole in the abdomen for the collection of waste. Well, this is the surgery of ileum (a part of the small intestine which passes stool to the large intestine or colon), that is why surgeons called it ileostomy. In this operation, doctors will remove a small part of the whole colon or rectum and bring the ileum to the stoma opening.

Why Ileostomy?

A patient needs ileostomy surgery for several reasons:

  • Cancer in the ileum (small intestine)
  • Side effects of the radiation.
  • Crohn’s disease.
  • An inherited disease in the small intestine or rectum.
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).
  • A tumor in the ileum.
  • Blockage or obstruction in the small intestine.
  • Any problem in passing the stool to the large intestine.
  • Ulcerative colitis.
  • An ulcer in the rectum.
  • A long-term disease or infection in the ileum.
  • Inflammation in the rectum or ileum.

Recovery Time for Ileostomy Patients

Well, there is no fixed time for the patients. It depends on the disease and the patient. Elder ostomates take a long time of recovery as compared to young people. Moreover, if there is a minor blockage or mild infection, then the healing period will be quick. However, in some intense cases like cancer, radiotin’s side effect, FAP, IBD, Crohn’s disease, or severe infection, it may take a longer time for the full recovery. Moreover, it also depends on the type of surgery. Sometimes it is temporary and for some patients, it is a permanent surgery. Therefore, for permanent ostomates, there will be stoma for their whole life even after the healing of internal organs. But, temporary ostomates will go back to the hospital for the reversal of the path of the ileum. Once their intestine heals and they get rid of their disease, the surgeon will reattach the ileum back to their original location. After that, they will discharge the stool through the natural path.

Ileostomy Tools

An ostomate should learn about some necessary tools like; stoma pouch, adhesive, adhesive remover, flanges, skin barrier, one-piece pouching system, and two-piece pouching system. Well, when you will be in the hospital, your nurse will guide you about the use of these appliances. You should learn everything about that because you will have to wear the bag on your own, once you leave the hospital. Moreover, the stoma pouch comes in several sizes. Everyone’s stoma size is not the same. Moreover, it has different shapes. Some patients have oval while some have round openings. So, choose the appliance according to your skin’s health and stoma need.

Diet for Ileostomy Patients

Well, the ileostomy patients will have to take care of their diet plan. Right after the surgery, there will be some possibilities of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding from the stoma, dizziness, and no discharge of stool for six to eight hours. Well, you can treat your condition with the appropriate diet. You should not eat hard to digest foods that can cause constipation or vomiting. Eat small and soft meals like fruits and white rice. But, do not eat watery meals like cucumber, oranges, grapes, and eggplant. They can cause diarrhea and vomiting. Avoid eating onion, garlic, French fries, and dry fruits. Take small meals four to five times a day. Do not eat too much or drink too much water.