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What is Ileostomy? – Life with Ileostomy Appliances

An ileostomy is the name of a surgical opening in the abdomen of a patient. During this surgery, doctors bring a loop of the small intestine or ileum to the belly skin. Well, the hole or opening they create is called a stoma. It collects the waste of the patient’s body into a bag that is attached to the hole. This stoma is on the right side of the abdomen. When a person is unable to pass out the waste from the natural pathway, then doctors have to create an artificial track for this purpose.

Why is Ileostomy Necessary for a Person?

Well, it is obvious that when a person has some diseases or problems in excreting the waste or in the ileum, then he/she needs the ileostomy surgery. However, it is necessary when a patient has an injury in the small intestine, blockage in the ileum, the bowel does not work, cancer in the ileum, defect in the process of passing the waste from small to the large intestine, or removal of the bowel (partially or wholly).

Some diseases that need ileostomy surgery are Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, a side effect of cancer radiation treatment, ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, tumor in the small intestine, dysfunction of ileum, or Hirschsprung’s disease. In a few cases, the ileostomy is temporary such as obstruction of the small intestine. When ileum heals and can perform its duties, doctors close the artificial opening and attach the ileum back to its original location.

Temporary Ileostomy and Permanent Ileostomy

Well, the duration of the ileostomy opening depends on the type of surgery. It has two main types: permanent ileostomy and temporary ileostomy.

In some cases, a patient needs the ileostomy surgery for a few months. Thus, doctors create a stoma in the abdomen but keep the lower portion as it is for future reattachment of the ileum. Once the internal organs, ileum, and stoma heal, and the small intestine can perform its function, then surgeons reattach the ileum to the colon and close the stoma. But, for permanent ostomates, it is impossible to bring back the ileum to its original position. They have to use an artificial path for the excretion purpose. The type of surgery depends on the seriousness of the illness and the capabilities of the small intestine.

Life of a Patient with Ileostomy Appliances

Well, ileostomy brings a few tools along with it. Therefore, a patient has to welcome an opening in the abdomen plus some appliances. These are some necessary things for the ostomate and stoma. Well, the first equipment is an ostomy bag or pouch. Every ostomate needs this. The stoma pouch collects the waste ileum passes to the opening. A person can wear it with their own hands. However, an ostomate has to learn about the ostomy tools from the nurse or doctor in the hospital. Well, your healthcare team will guide you about the pouch, skin barrier, flanges, and adhesive when you will be in the hospital.

Once you are home, you will have to change and wear the tools on your own. The stoma pouch comes in two forms and that is a one-piece ostomy pouching system and two-piece ostomy pouching system. These appliances are waterproof. A person can live his life freely with the stoma bag and other appliances. It does not irritate a patient. Of course, you will face some changes and issues in the initial days, but by the time, you will get used to the new normal life. The key to the happy ostomy life is you should know which type of pouching system is suitable for you and when to empty and change the stoma pouch.

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Urostomy – Life of a Urostomy Patient – How to Deal with It?

What is Urostomy?

Urostomy is a surgery performed when a patient’s bladder does not work or removed due to any disease or dysfunction. Thus, surgeons create an artificial hole in the abdomen of the patient for the discharging of urine. After this operation, an ostomate is unable to release the liquid waste through the natural track. So, patients after urostomy excrete the urine through the opening, called a stoma.

Reasons for Urostomy

Well, there is no one reason for the urostomy surgery. It includes several diseases and defects in the bladder, kidney, and ileal conduit. However, a few common causes are:

  • Bladder cancer.
  • Infection in the bladder.
  • Spinal cord injury.
  • Chronic disease in the bladder or kidneys.
  • Birth defect in spinal cord such as spina bifida.
  • Due to the side effects of radical treatment.

Well, there could be any other disease that can drive a person to urostomy. Sometimes, when a patient diagnosed with bladder cancer, it gets removed or unable to work, then doctors have to create an opening for the urine purpose. Moreover, if a person has a tumor in the urinary tract, then he/she needs this surgery. Sometimes, an infant born with some defects in the spinal cord or bladder; thus, a child needs urostomy right after birth.

Life with The Urostomy

A hole in the abdomen and an unnatural path of discharging urine bring a few changes in your life. Definitely, the first one is a physical change. But, apart from the track of peeping, there is a huge phycological impact on the patient’s mind. An ostomate’s entire life gets disturbed for a few months.You can live your previous life once the stoma and internal organs heal.

An ostomate thinks that the new life will not give him the comfort of his previous life. Well, this is not true, an ostomy patient can enjoy dreams and life. But, he/she has to wait for a few months. In the initial weeks, an ostomate depends on nurses or family members. This changes when the patient learns about stoma appliances and self-care. The first biggest unique thing is the way of excreting urine. It brings lots of changes to a person’s attitude. But, this does not stop your life.

 Urostomy patients can live the previous life. They can do whatever they like or used to do in the past. Moreover, it does not stop you from working, playing, swimming, gym, sports, partying, traveling, shopping, and even sex.

Dealing with the Urostomy Life and Appliances

Urostomy creates a 2 inches hole in the right side of the abdomen. Usually, it is a round-shaped opening. However, sometimes it is of 2.5 to 3 inches pit down towards the navel.

When a person goes through the urostomy surgery, he has to learn a lot about the appliances, its uses, purpose, and drainage system. Well, the necessary thing is to wear a stoma bag and empty it.

After all, when a urostomy patient gets discharged from the hospital, he/she has to do all his tasks on his own. Therefore, a patient should know when to empty and change the pouch.

Well, it is not as difficult as you heard. You can deal with the new life and appliances effortlessly if you know the right ways. The surgery comes in two forms: permanent urostomy and temporary urostomy. For permanent ostomates, it is necessary to learn about the tools and their uses.

Usually, urostomy patients wear a drainable pouching system. As they discharge urine frequently; thus, it is easy to empty and clean the stoma bag. Moreover, they should change the appliance two times per day. Well, I suggest they should use a one-piece ostomy pouching system. It will give them relief in wearing it. However, an ostomate can select appliances according to their convenience.

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Some Common Rumors about Ostomy

Right after getting stoma, you will hear some useful tips, some experiences, and some myths. Well, you can join online groups, forums, and read articles for ostomy care and new normal life. Well, to live a happy ostomy life, you have to debunk the rumors and grab some real knowledge about stoma care and ostomy life.

Thus, the following are a few rumors you can hear or read about the stoma and ostomy life:

You cannot change the Pouching System

Well, many ostomates think that they cannot change their pouching system after getting a discharge slip from the hospital. They can only use the size of the appliance, they were using in the hospital room under the supervision of nurses and doctors. Well, this is a myth, you can change the ostomy appliances according to the size of the stoma opening. Your stoma bag should be fit to the hole. With time, stoma changes its sizes with the change in the weight and body. Therefore, you can change your pouching system according to the new size. I always recommend hollister ostOmy supplies as reliable option for quality ostomy appliances.

All Ostomy Pouching System are Same

Many ostomates think that all pouching system’s type and products are the same. Well, you are wrong if think the same way. Every product’s kind is different from another in some manners, for example, one-piece ostomy pouching system and two-piece ostomy pouching system. Both have the same purpose but the method of application is different.

The Size of Stoma will Never Fluctuate

Another myth regarding stoma is the fixed size of the opening. Ostomates used to believe that the size of the stoma will never increase or decrease. But, it changes its shape and measurement according to health, weight, and body change.

Stoma Always Irritates You

Well, a healthy stoma does not irritate you. Moreover, it does not get swell or bleed. If you are experiencing any difficulty like that, then you should go to your surgeon. This is not a new normal life. The opening should be healthy and clean. Well, a healthy stoma does not get swell, irritates, or bleed.

Your Family will not Love you Now

After the ostomy operation, it is normal to have pressure and suffer from anxiety. It brings a few changes in your routine and life. But, it does not mean you cannot live your old lifestyle or no one loves you now. You and your life will be the same. Therefore, the love of your family and loved ones will not change for you.

You cannot Work, Travel, or Swim

Well, ostomates used to believe that their entire lifestyle will change. They cannot perform their dream or previous tasks. But, once the internal organs and stoma heal and stoma are healthy, you can do whatever you like or used to do in your previous days. It does not stop you from getting married, sex, playing, sports, swimming, gym, or getting back to your profession.

You have to Live with the Odor

No, this is not true about ostomates or new life. The odor is not a part of ostomy. It indicates you unhealthy stoma, leakage of ostomy pouch, unhygienic peristomal, or bad diet. You should not eat foods that cause odor or gas. Otherwise, everything is perfect for your ostomy life and stoma health.

I cannot Shower or Enjoy Water Activities

After getting the stoma, you will have to wear an ostomy pouch all the time. It should be dry, you cannot wet the opening. It does not mean you cannot shower, swim, or enjoy water activities. You will have to wear a waterproof ostomy pouching system and you ready to enjoy your marine hobbies. You can swim, shower, raft, whatever you want with the waterproof tools. Moreover, you should wear an ostomy belt before going into the pool. It will protect your stoma bag from leakage.